A multicultural and multiethnic city by its historical calling, where the Transylvanian Saxons and the descendants of the medieval inhabitants of Luxembourg built one of the most spectacular areas of European civilization in the last eight centuries, Sibiu owes its nomination as European Capital of Culture to Luxembourg. The twinning of the two cities for the European Capital of Culture event is thus a genuine multicultural model to be exported to the countries that once belonged to the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
Sibiu was designated a European Capital of Culture of 2007 on May 27, 2004, after the final vote of the Council of Ministers of the EU. Sibiu shares this title with Luxembourg. An aspect that endorsed this decision was the special partnership with Luxembourg in setting the schedule for 2007, the coordination of events between the two cities, as well as the multiple partnerships and programs of European collaboration developed between Sibiu and Landshut, Rennes, Klagenfurt, Deventer.
Romania has achieved its EU entry in 2007. It has also achieved its first European event to endow the European cultural heritage with Brancusi, Ionesco, Cioran and Eliade: Sibiu - European Capital of Culture.
The theme selected for the Sibiu/Hermannstadt 2007 Program (www.sibiu2007.ro) pursues a display of the multicultural profile of this 8-century old city, under the "City of Culture - City of Cultures" motto.
The events to take place in Sibiu comprise all forms of artistic expression, as well as multiart, multicultural and multimedia debates and meetings. As for recommendations, one has to point out the SIBERFEST 2007 - Concert of the International Community of Electronic Music (March 21, 2007) and SIBIU JAZZ FESTIVAL (May 6-13, 2007). It is the 37th edition of the only jazz festival in Romania that is a member of the prestigious Europe Jazz Network. More events are worthy of special interest: the European wood sculpture camp EUROSCULPT SIBIU 2007 (May 14 - June 3, 2007). Sibiu will also host the Third Ecumenical European Assembly (September 4 - 9, 2007), the first large-scale European ecumenical event, organized by the Conference of European Churches and the Council of European Episcopal Conferences. This event, the first of this kind to be hosted by a preponderantly Orthodox country, is expected to witness a historical meeting of Pope Benedict XVI, Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople and Patriarch Alexey II of Moscow and Russia. The event is to be attended by more than 2.500 delegates and 10.000 guests. Pope Benedict XVI is also expected to attend the "Pilgrimage of Light" for a few hours in September 8, 2007. One must highlight, among the other cultural traditions of Sibiu, the ASTRA FILM (October 22 - 28, 2007), an international film festival unique in Eastern Europe that promotes the best non-fiction film productions.